James Webb, COP 27 resolutions and Orion’s journey

The scientific news of November 21, 2022 is:

Exploration: James Webb: Telescope observations suggest that the universe’s very first galaxies formed earlier than expected

  • Observations from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope can provide insight into the early moments of the universe.
  • James Webb has recently discovered particularly numerous and luminous galaxies in a small space in our sky.
  • Among these many galaxies, one has been identified that was already present about 350 million years after the Big Bang, much earlier than previously thought.

In climate: The main points of the texts adopted at COP27

  • COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, ended and its actors adopted two main texts on 20 November 2022.
  • The first is a closing statement recalling the intentions of the Paris Agreements and the need to limit the global temperature increase to 2°C compared to the pre-industrial era.
  • The second is a resolution on compensation for the damage caused by climate change and suffered by vulnerable countries.

In Exploration: Artemis: all is well for the Orion ship currently approaching the Moon

  • NASA’s SLS rocket, with the Orion capsule on board, took off on number 16, 2022 for a 25-day mission that is currently going smoothly.
  • Orion is already about 320,000 km from Earth and is preparing to perform several thrusts with its engines that will bring it to 100 km from the lunar surface and then 64,000 km beyond the Moon.
  • Depending on the results of this unmanned mission, new explorations will be carried out: Artemis 2, where astronauts will bypass the Moon without landing there, then Artemis 3, where they will land on the lunar surface.

Health: Drug shortages: a long-standing concern, but getting worse

  • France is hit by a shortage of medicine. This problem is not new, but it has become more pronounced in recent years, with an increase in detected deficiencies or the risk thereof.
  • These deficiencies affect many medicines, but two of them are particularly noteworthy: paracetamol and amoxicillin.
  • The reasons would be several (globalization, war in Ukraine, Covid-19, etc.). The need to move the production of essential medicines now seems to be a consensus.

In sustainable development: “For the first time, with COP27, it was recognized that funding must be given to those who suffer the most”

  • Gabriela Ramos organized a three-day symposium at Unesco entitled “The Coming Human” on the occasion of World Philosophy Day on November 17, 2022.
  • For her, in addition to economists and decision-makers, philosophers must also allow us to think about the world in a time of climate change.
  • Science and the Future invites you to discover her interview conducted from Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt), where Gabriela Ramos participated in COP27 on climate.


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